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Informal Future in Spanish

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What is Informal Future?

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Informal Future in Spanish video


ar, er, ir - Form

The Informal Future also called the Periphrastic Future (El Futuro Perifrástico), is formed with the verb "ir" (to go).

Unlike the Simple Future, which uses just one word, the Informal Future uses a combination of the verb "ir", the preposition "a", and "an infinitive".


Informal Future Formula:

ir a + infinitive

 

Verbs that End in -ar

Subject -ir a + Infinitive (ar)

Yo (I) -voy a (infinitive)

Tú (You)(Informal) -vas a (infinitive)

Usted (You)(Formal) -va a (infinitive)

Él/Ella(He/She) -va a (infinitive)

Nosotros(as)(We) -vamos a (infinitive)

Vosotros(as)​(You)(Informal) -vais a (infinitive)

Ustedes(You)(Formal) -van a (infinitive)

Ellos(as)​(They) -van a (infinitive)

 

 

Subject -hablar -English translation

Yo (I) -Voy a hablar -I am going to speak

 (You)(Informal) -Vas a hablar -You are going to speak

Usted (You)(Formal) -Va a hablar -You are going to speak

Él/Ella(He/She) -Va a hablar - He/She is going to speak

Nosotros(as)​(We) -Vamos a hablar -We are going to speak

Vosotros(as)​(You)(Informal) -Vais a hablar -You are going to speak

Ustedes(You)(Formal) -Van a hablar -You are going to speak

Ellos(as)​(They) -Van a hablar -They are going to speak

 

Verbs that End in -er

Subject-ir a + Infinitive (er)

Yo (I) -voy a (infinitive)

 (You)(Informal) -vas a (infinitive)

Usted (You)(Formal) -va a (infinitive)

Él/Ella(He/She) -va a (infinitive)

Nosotros(as)(We) -vamos a (infinitive)

Vosotros(as)​(You)(Informal) -vais a (infinitive)

Ustedes(You)(Formal) -van a (infinitive)

Ellos(as)​(They) -van a (infinitive)

 

Subject -comer -English translation

Yo (I) -Voy a comer -I am going to eat

Tú (You)(Informal) -Vas a comer -You are going to eat

Usted (You)(Formal) -Va a comer -You are going to eat

Él/Ella(He/She) -Va a comer -He/She is going to eat

Nosotros(as)​(We) -Vamos a comer -We are going to eat

Vosotros(as)​(You)(Informal) -Vais a comer -You are going to eat

Ustedes(You)(Formal) -Van a comer -You are going to eat

Ellos(as)​(They) -Van a comer -They are going to eat

 

Verbs that End in –ir

Subject-ir a + Infinitive (ir)

Yo (I) -voy a (infinitive)

 (You)(Informal) -vas a (infinitive)

Usted (You)(Formal) -va a (infinitive)

Él/Ella(He/She) -va a (infinitive)

Nosotros(as)(We) -vamos a (infinitive)

Vosotros(as)​(You)(Informal) -vais a (infinitive)

Ustedes(You)(Formal) -van a (infinitive)

Ellos(as)​(They) -van a (infinitive)

 

Subject -vivirEnglish translation

Yo (I) -Voy a vivir -I am going to live

 (You)(Informal) -Vas a vivir -You are going to live

Usted (You)(Formal) -Va a vivir -You are going to live

Él/Ella(He/She) -Va a vivir -He/She is going to live

Nosotros(as)​(We) -Vamos a vivir -We are going to live

Vosotros(as)​(You)(Informal) -Vais a vivir -You are going to live

Ustedes(You)(Formal) -Van a vivir -You are going to live

Ellos(as)​(They) -Van a vivir -They are going to live

 

Compare the two forms in the table below.

 -Simple Future

Spanish- Estudiaré mucho mañana

EnglishI will study a lot tomorrow.

 

  -Informal Future

Spanish- Voy a estudiar mucho mañana.

EnglishI am going to study a lot tomorrow.

 

Informal Future  - Examples

The following e.g.s show the Informal future used with each of the different grammatical subjects in Spanish.

Yo voy a viajar por España.- I am going to travel through Spain.

vas a cantar. -You are going to sing.

Usted va a ser famoso.- You are going to be famous.

Ella va a comprar un coche nuevo.- She is going to buy a new car.

Nosotros vamos a cenar a las nueve. -We are going to eat dinner at 9 o'clock.

Vosotros vais a jugar al fútbol esta tarde. -You are going to play soccer this afternoon.

Ustedes van a estudiar mucho.-You are going to study a lot.

Ellos van a dormir en el primer piso. -They are going to sleep on the first floor.

Ellos van a bailar. - They are going to dance.


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