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Ser, Estar, Ir, Haber | Irregular Verbs

simple present in spanish

Ser, Estar, Ir, Haber | Irregular Verbs - Simple Present

There are a number of verbs that have irregular forms other than the “yo” form.

Four of the most frequently used verbs in Spanish (ser, estar, ir, and haber) are irregular.


The Present Indicative conjugations for each are given below.

Irregular Conjugations

                                                       Ser -  Estar

Subject - ser  (to be) - estar  (to be)


Yo (I) – soy - estoy

Tú (You)(Informal) – eres - estás

Usted (You)(Formal) – es - está

Él/Ella(He/She) – es - está

Nosotros(as)(We) – somos - estamos

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – sois - estáis

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – son - están

Ellos(as)(They) – son - están


                                                   Ir - Haber


Subject - ir  (to go) - haber  (to have)


Yo (I) – voy - he

Tú (You)(Informal) – vas - has

Usted (You)(Formal) – va - ha

Él/Ella(He/She) – va - ha

Nosotros(as)(We) - vamos   - hemos

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – vais - habéis 

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – van - han

Ellos(as)(They) – van - han



Tip. Dropping Subject Pronouns

Because the endings of Spanish verbs indicate who the subject of an action is, you can often drop the subject pronoun (yo, tú, nosotros, etc.) 


e.g.

Yo hablo Español = I speak Spanish           " Hablo Español "                       

The pronoun "yo" isn't really necessary. The "-o " ending tells you who the subject of the verb is.

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