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Present Perfect | Spanish Translation

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How do you form the perfect tense in Spanish?

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Present Perfect in Spanish video


Formula:
Present Indicative of "Haber" + Past Participle of another Verb
 
Verbs ending in -ar

Subject - ar Endings
Yo (I) - he + …ado
 (You)(Informal) - has + …ado
Usted (You)(Formal) - ha + …ado
Él/Ella(He/She) - ha+ …ado
Nosotros(as)(We) - hemos+ …ado
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) - habéis+ …ado
Ustedes(You)(Formal) - han+ …ado
Ellos(as)(They) - han+ …ado
 
 
Subject - hablar - English translation

Yo (I) He hablado I have spoken
 (You)(Informal) Has hablado -You have spoken
Usted (You)(Formal) Ha hablado -You have spoken
Él/Ella(He/She) - Ha hablado - He/She has spoken
Nosotros(as)(We) Hemos hablado - We have spoken
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) - Habéis hablado -You have spoken
Ustedes(You)(Formal) Han hablado-You have spoken
Ellos(as)(They) - Han hablado -They have spoken
 
 Verbs ending in -er

Subject - er Endings
Yo (I) - he + …ido
 (You)(Informal) - has + …ido
Usted (You)(Formal) - ha + …ido
Él/Ella(He/She) - ha+ …ido
Nosotros(as)(We) - hemos+ …ido
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) - habéis+ …ido
Ustedes(You)(Formal) - han+ …ido
Ellos(as)(They) - han+ …ido
 
 
Subject - comer - English translation

Yo (I) He comido - I have eaten
 (You)(Informal) - Has comido You have eaten
Usted (You)(Formal) - Ha comido - You have eaten
Él/Ella(He/She) Ha comido - He/She has eaten
Nosotros(as)(We) - Hemos comido - We have eaten
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) - Habéis comido -You have eaten
Ustedes(You)(Formal) - Han comido -You have eaten
Ellos(as)(They) - Han comido -They have eaten
 
 Verbs ending in -ir

Subject -ir Endings
Yo (I) - he + …ido
 (You)(Informal) - has + …ido
Usted (You)(Formal) - ha + …ido
Él/Ella(He/She) - ha+ …ido
Nosotros(as)(We) - hemos+ …ido
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) - habéis+ …ido
Ustedes(You)(Formal) - han+ …ido
Ellos(as)(They) - han+ …ido
 
Subject - vivir - English translation

Yo (I) He vivido - I have lived
 (You)(Informal) - Has vivido -You have lived
Usted (You)(Formal) - Ha vivido -You have lived
Él/Ella(He/She) - Ha vivido - He/She has lived
Nosotros(as)(We) Hemos vivido - We have lived
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) Habéis vivido You have lived
Ustedes(You)(Formal) - Han vivido -You have lived
Ellos(as)(They) - Han ​vivido -They have lived
 
Present Perfect - Examples

Habéis cantado muy bien.- You have sung very well.
Ellos han bailado en 12 países. -They have danced in 12 countries.
He visto las montañas de tu país. -  I have seen the mountains of your country  
Ustedes han hecho un pastel delicioso.-  You have made a delicious cake.
Hemos vuelto para comprar la leche. - We have returned to buy milk.
Ellas han oído la verdad. -They have heard the truth.
Ella ha dicho que es una princesa.- She has said that she is a princess
Has ido a Cuba. - You have gone to Cuba.
Usted ha escrito un poema bonito.-  You have written a pretty poem.
Él ha dormido 10 horas. - He has slept 10 hours.

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