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Simple Past | Participle

Simple Past in spanish

Simple Past| Participle in Spanish

Note: To form the Past participle, simply drop the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and add "-ado" (for -ar verbs) or "-ido" (for -er, -ir verbs).

habl ar – ar + ado = hablado

com er – er + ido = comido

viv ir – ir ido = vivido

 

Note: The following common verbs have irregular Past participles:

abrir (to open) – abierto (open)

cubrir (to cover) – cubierto (covered)

decir (to say) – dicho (said)

escribir (to write) – escrito (written)

freír (to fry) – frito (fried)

hacer (to do) – hecho (done)

morir (to die) – muerto (dead)

poner (to put) – puesto (put)

resolver (to resolve) – resuelto (resolved)

romper (to break) – roto (broken)

ver (to see) – visto (seen)

volver (to return) – vuelto (returned)


Note: The compound verbs based on the irregular verbs inherit the same irregularities. 

e.g.

componer (to compose) – compuesto
describir (to describe) – descrito
devolver (to give back)– devuelto


Note: Most Past participles can be used as adjectives. Like other adjectives, they agree in gender and number with the nouns that they modify.

e.g.

La ventana está cerrada. - The window is closed.

Las ventanas están cerradasThe windows are closed.

El hospital está abierto- The hospital is open.

Los hospitales están abiertos. - The hospitals are open.



Note: The Past participle can be combined with the verb “ser” to express the passive voice. Use this construction when an action is being described, and introduce the doer of the action with the word “por”

La casa fue registrada en el 1900. - The house was registered in 1900

 

Note: For "- er" and "- ir" verbs, if the stem ends in a vowel, a written accent will be required.

creer – creído
oír – oído



Note: This rule does not apply, and no written accent is required for verbs ending in "- uir". (construir, seguir, influir, distinguir, etc.)

 


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