Simple Present (Presente Simple)

simple present in spanish

Simple Present (Presente Simple)

ar, er, ir

The Spanish Simple Present Tense can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future.

Below you'll find instructions for forming regular verbs in the Present Tense, including the endings you need to know for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs.


Verbs ending in - ar

Note: To conjugate an "-ar" verb, remove the infinitive ending (-ar) and add the ending that matches the subject.


Subject (-ar Endings)

Yo (I) - o

Tú (You)(Informal) - as

Usted (You)(Formal) - a

Él/Ella(He/She) - a

Nosotros(as)(We) - amos

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) - áis

Ustedes(You)(Formal)  - an

Ellos(as)(They) - an




We use as an e.g. the verb: "to speak = hablar"


Subject   hablar  English translation

Yo (I)  - Hablo  (I speak)

Tú (You)(Informal) - Hablas (You speak)

Usted (You)(Formal) - Habla (You speak)

Él/Ella(He/She) - Habla (He/She speaks)

Nosotros(as)(We) - Hablamos (We speak)

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) - Habláis (You speak)

Ustedes(You)(Formal) - Hablan (You speak)

Ellos(as)(They) - Hablan (They speak)


 

Verbs ending in  -er

Note: To conjugate an "-er" verb, remove the infinitive ending (-er) and add the ending that matches the subject.

 

Subject - er Endings

Yo (I) - o

Tú (You)(Informal) - es

Usted (You)(Formal) - e

Él/Ella(He/She) - e

Nosotros(as)(We) - emos

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) - éis

Ustedes(You)(Formal) - en

Ellos(as)(They) - en



We use as an e.g. the verb: "to eat = comer"


Subject  comer  English translation

Yo (I)  Como  I eat

Tú (You)(Informal)  Comes  You eat

Usted (You)(Formal) Come You eat

Él/Ella(He/She)  Come  He/She eats

Nosotros(as)(We)  Comemos We eat

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) Coméis You eat

Ustedes(You)(Formal) Comen You eat

Ellos(as)(They) Comen They eat


Verbs ending in - ir

Note: To conjugate an "-ir" verb, remove the infinitive ending (- ir) and add the ending that matches the subject.

 

Subject -ir Endings

Yo (I) - o

Tú (You)(Informal) - es

Usted (You)(Formal) - e

Él/Ella(He/She) - e

Nosotros(as)(We) - imos

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) - ís

Ustedes(You)(Formal) - en

Ellos(as)(They) - en



We use as an e.g. the verb: "to live = vivir"

 

Subject – vivir  English translation

Yo (I) – Vivo I live

Tú (You)(Informal) – Vives You live

Usted (You)(Formal) – Vive You live

Él/Ella(He/She) – Vive He/She lives

Nosotros(as)(We) – Vivimos We live

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – Vivís You live

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – Viven You live

Ellos(as)(They) – Viven They live


 

Simple Present - Examples

Habitual Actions

Habitual actions are activities that a person does every day (or very often) .

e.g.

Me levanto a las seis y media cada mañana. - I get up at six thirty every morning.

Trabajo para el zoológico. - I work for the zoo.

Estudio Biología en la universidad. -  I study Biology at the university.

 

Things Happening Now

In English, something happening at the moment of speaking is usually expressed using the Present Progressive. In Spanish, both the Simple Present and the Present Progressive can be used to talk about things happening now.

e.g.

¿Cómo estás? -  How are you doing?

Estoy bien, gracias. - I'm doing well, thank you.

 

¿Qué haces? - What are you doing?

Limpio la cocina. - I'm cleaning the kitchen.

 

Things Happening in the Near Future

The Spanish Present Tense can also be used to talk about things that will happen in the near future.

e.g.

Voy al parque. ¿Vienes? -  I'm going to the park. Want to come?

Salgo para el aeropuerto en media hora. - I'm leaving for the airport in half an hour.

 

Timeless Events/Universal Truths

Things that are universally known or generally excepted are often expressed using the Simple Present. These can be facts, opinions, or proverbs.

e.g.

1 + 1 = 2

Uno más uno es dos. - One plus one is two.

El hombre es mortal. - Mankind is mortal.

 

Hypothetical Situations

When used with the conjunction si (if), the Present Tense can express hypothetical situations and outcomes.

e.g.

Si llega Marcos, salgo. - If Marcos comes, I'm out.

Si llueve, la fiesta termina. - If it rains, the party's over.

 

Lapses of Time

The Present Tense is commonly used to talk about the amount of time something has been going on. The following formula is used with the Present Tense for this purpose.

Hace + Time Period + que + Present Tense Verb

e.g.

Hace tres años que esperamos tu llamada.- We've been waiting for your call for three years.

Hace una semana que pinta este cuadro. - It's been a week since he painted this painting

 

Ordering

It's also quite common to use the Present Tense in Spanish when ordering something in a restaurant or store.

e.g.

Me trae un café, por favor. - Bring me a coffee, please

Quiero el arroz con pollo.-  I want the rice and chicken.

 

More examples:

Yo te amo - I love you        (to love - amar)

Él no habla - He does not speak       (to speak - hablar)

Mis amigos temen - My friends fear         (to fear - temer)

¿Hablas Español? - Speak Spanish?           (to speak - hablar)   

Ella bebe té en el desayuno. - She drinks tea at breakfast      (to drink - beber)

El  gato sólo come pescado.  - The cat only eats fish       (to eat - comer)

Ellos ven la televisión regularmente. - They watch television regularly       (to watch - ver)